Religious tolerance in Maryland

239
By Travis Childs
Pioneer Sentinel

Maryland is often revered as the colony that officially created religious tolerance.  This is not wholly accurate. George Calvert, and his son Cecilius, created Maryland as a safe haven for Catholics.  Unfortunately, not enough Catholics moved to Maryland to make it economically viable.  As proof that it was business first and religion second, Maryland opened up settlement to Anglicans, who soon outnumbered the Catholics in the colony.

Catholics held the highest positions in the colony, but Protestants fought for control and Catholics feared as a minority religious group they would be persecuted in Maryland.  For this reason, in 1649 Maryland established the Maryland Toleration Act granting freedom of worship to anyone who believed in the Trinity. Rather than a fundamental principle of Maryland, religious tolerance was an afterthought to protect Catholics from Protestants.  The law did not protect any Christian denomination or any other group that did not believe in the Trinity, and legally prosecuted people who spoke against Christian beliefs.

Catholics were right to fear persecution in Maryland. In the 1650s, Puritans took over the colony and in 1654 repealed the act, making Catholicism and Anglicanism illegal.  The Calverts regained the colony in 1658 and restored the act.  In 1692, Puritans once again seized Maryland from the Calverts as part of the Glorious Revolution.  Puritans repealed the act, this time for good, in 1702 they made Anglicanism the official colonial religion, and in 1718 they banned Catholics from voting.

In 1715, Benedict Calvert, great-grandson of George Calvert regained Maryland, but only after he converted to Anglicanism.  Annapolis, created by Puritans, became the capital of Maryland.  Catholics practiced their faith in secret until the American Revolution.  Most scholars trace the First Amendment to Maryland, but perhaps that is less about the act of religious tolerance and more about the lack of religious tolerance.

Editors Note: Travis Childs is a history instructor at Cameron University in Lawton, Okla. He is a graduate of Midway High School and lives in Bluegrove. He is currently president of the Clay County Historical Society.

Share.

About Author

Pioneer Sentinel

The Pioneer Sentinel is an online newspaper designed to deliver the news of Clay County, Texas, in a concise and community-friendly format.

239 Comments

  1. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this web site. I am hoping the same high-grade website post from you in the upcoming as well. Actually your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own blog now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a good example of it.
    free http://ibuyjunkvehicles.com

  2. Just got these kind of and i Enjoy 銉嗐儵銈偒锛?9162512锛?銈广儐銉炽儸銈广偡銈广儐銉犮偣銈裤兂銉?锛筹嫉锛筹紞锛戯紥锛愶紣銆愰€佹枡鐒℃枡銆?02P2 http://ameblo.jp/ixzls827/entry-12159006470.html! overall everyone loves ELECOM锛堛偍銉偝銉狅級 銉偆銉夎В鍍忓害銇蹇溿仐銇?鍙般伄PC鍏辨湁鐢―VI瀵惧繙銉戙偨銈炽兂鍒囨浛鍣?KVM http://ameblo.jp/apych578/entry-12158995265.html!

  3. hey there and thank you for your information ¨C I have definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this web site, as I experienced to reload the website many times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again soon.
    oakley wayfarer

  4. ” This eliminates the parsing of data, therefore increasing the transfer speed and be potentially less costly for TSN’s clients.Die-cast collectibles have also evolved. The splendid charisma of Foxtrot is the astounding variety of interpretations there can be of what is all in all such a simple dance.” Getting a girl on webcam is easyif you learn how. furthermore has a plethora of porn stars, both woman and male, a list of who you are able to aess at any ti by clicking on Pornstars at the top of any page. Now you can change the blocks simply by swiping your fingers over the cubes surface and the clever little cube can even give hints and tips should you get stuck! Other great electronic games that children are sure to love include the pac boy LCD game another modern take on an old classic and the desk top finger drum kit hours of fun though guaranteed to send everyone else in the room mad!Last but not least, if your little darlings are really mischievous little terrors, then without question the present for them would have to be the Dennis the Menace catapult! Though perhaps not much fun for nearby adults, kids are sure to love practicing their aim by hitting the fake cans and with tomato shaped foam balls provided hours of entertainment without a doubt!Author Bio: To find out more regarding our range of gifts for children, please visit our website at http: www. Currently, this body comprises of 32 teams and all are from various parts of the United States. University has many academicians, laureate and experienced professors who have years of learning experience and adopted practical cum theoretical learning methods. Digital education facility has benefited millions of students till date. Because most audition-compelled websites provide to tors, singers, and models as well as singers, you’ll oupy more ti sorting through their lists of upcoming gigs to find the dance try-outs you’re seeking.
    Cheap NFL Jerseys China

  5. The use of coupons is getting more and more popular these days. There are “coupon queens”, Internet sites and television shows that all claim to have gotten things for free because of their couponing. They make it sound so easy but it does take a bit of effort and organization. The tips in this article can provide you with the secrets of couponing so you are able to secure your own savings.
    Yeezy Boost 350 for sale

  6. Having read this I thought it was really enlightening. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!
    5.0 free nike

  7. Figuring out where the cheapest coupons are these days is important in today’s economy. To really take full advantage of coupon collecting as a life-style, you have to take time to discover the the inner workings of this wonderful approach to shopping. The following article has the things you need to know.
    Cheap Yeezys

  8. The use of coupons is getting more and more popular these days. There are “coupon queens”, Internet sites and television shows that all claim to have gotten things for free because of their couponing. They make it sound so easy but it does take a bit of effort and organization. The tips in this article can provide you with the secrets of couponing so you are able to secure your own savings.
    Cheap Yeezys

  9. In der That do not lik Rolex watch Morning-Date warfare eine der beliebtesten Sammlungen in Wristwatch -Familie. Das herausragende Design and style sowie pass away impressive Funktionalit?t haben puede ser geschafft, perish Menschen verlieben sich in sie auf family den ersten Blick . In Bezug auf pass away Watch Day time-Time frame Replik , bleibt ations perish Stabilit?t der ursprünglichen Technologie .
    fake uhren

  10. Many people are advocating the usefulness of coupons. There are websites dedicated to the practice of couponing, and coupon experts eager to initiate you into the fold. Like anything that’s worth doing, though, getting the most out coupons requires a little bit of planning and work. This article will assist you if you wish to save money with coupons.
    Fake Yeezys for sale

  11. So if you want to chase your love for dance on a greater level, enroll yourself in dance university.This flick takes we from sex life (click through the following inter site) every emotion, eh genre, and does thus in a smooth fashion.So why do you need to obtain low-cost Twitter Followers? Let us start from the truth that increasingly more individuals use social fields for discussion, however what Twitter and Febook are tually useful for in our days is advertising. The university has won many prizes for various extracurricular activities which are conducted at national and international level. He is very passionate about anything that is related to astrology and the occults. You will even find out that baseball memorabilia and sports collectibles have spread into the Christmas decorations, with entire villages and decorations for the tree to the roof of your sports fans home. Though children are often more than obliging when it comes to providing rather extensive lists of toys and goodies they would ideally like to receive on their birthday, finding items on this list that you would actually like to buy them is often tricky to say the least.Browsing the , one usually definitely find sites that have such direct live feed. Students get accredited degree from the university in several degree programs.
    Wholesale Jerseys China

  12. The use of coupons is getting more and more popular these days. There are “coupon queens”, Internet sites and television shows that all claim to have gotten things for free because of their couponing. They make it sound so easy but it does take a bit of effort and organization. The tips in this article can provide you with the secrets of couponing so you are able to secure your own savings.
    Fake Yeezys for sale

  13. They learn nearby clear-cut body image, good nutrition, and devices to put a stop to hurt. Wednesday conflicting with the constellation of Hasta.Believe it or not but the groomsman is an important part of the wedding too. There are many reasons to spend money on a web business, think about it! If you have a product which is having the opportunity to be suessful on the market, why do not you want to give it a try. “We, as the source, can provide an application that can probably out-do anybody else, other than a client with whom we are working very closely and whose application might be equal to our own. The university campus offers baccalaureate programs (152), doctorate programs (75), master’s programs (160) and others to enrich knowledge of students. Mercury – the intellectual pla however needs to be strong.uk.Die-cast collectibles have also evolved. Some items that are found to be fun to collect are bobble heads, posters, die-cast models, and the newest items are The Fat Heads items.
    Wholesale Jerseys Cheap

  14. The use of coupons is getting more and more popular these days. There are “coupon queens”, Internet sites and television shows that all claim to have gotten things for free because of their couponing. They make it sound so easy but it does take a bit of effort and organization. The tips in this article can provide you with the secrets of couponing so you are able to secure your own savings.
    michael kors canada

  15. It’s good to find young models of thai areas producing various talents. I know that they might enlightened ones own society by providing some very good movies which is inspiration with regard to nations also in the world. Have fun
    Red Wings Shoes

  16. an astrological and occult website has been launched by Abhiek. The following are the occupations which are ruled by the plas:a.Admittedly, a beach holiday in Portugal, in a luxurious Algarve Portugal beach house, with a breath-taking view of the ocean would make it difficult for you to leave the seaside.youtube. Outes In an effort to ascertain regardless of whether SAHA outes in a reduction of class IIa HDACs in the protein level in vivo, WT and R6 2 mice have been administered vehicle or SAHA within the drinking water from five to nine weeks of ageBusiness is what can make your life better without you even putting to much hard work.S. The Foxtrot is one of the most misleading dances as it looks very easy, but is one of the most difficult dances to do. They are so ligheight and malleable that you may now and again be unable to rember that you are wearing them.The sponsors usually offer content to ple on your website. There are 15 jerseys, which are the most popular.
    Wholesale Jerseys China

  17. Greetings from California! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the knowledge you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, excellent blog!
    nike air max 90 navy orange

  18. Atlanta Hawks jerseys Shop for NBA jerseys at the official NBA Store! We carry the widest variety of Jerseys Sale – Up To 75% Off Jerseys, and Replica NBA basketball jerseys online. Browse for your favorite team or player, for Hardwood NBA Jerseys, and youth sizes. Keep checking back for the arrivals of the NBA Nike Jersey!
    Atlanta Hawks jerseys

Leave A Reply